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The Transition

By 1988, Kádár was substituted as the general secretary of the Comunist Party. Since that moment, Hungary started the way to the democracy. In 1989, the parlament aproved some policies in order to achieve this objective, as a new electoral law, the release of the liberty of expresion or the modification of the constitution. They wanted to enforce their relations with occidental states of Europe through the European Union by implementing reforms to modify its economy. Due to the the start of a multiparty system, the comunism in Hungary lost the power that they had years ago. In 1989, the Soviet Union signed a treaty where it accepted to remove military forces in Hungary in june of 1991. In october of 1989, the Comunist party convened its last congress and the parlament aproved a direct face-to-face election process, the multiparty elections, a new institutional structure and the warranty of human rights between some other changes. This was the consequence of a new bad situation of the …
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Communist Hungary and the 1956 Revolution

Communist Hungary With the occupation of Hungary by Russia after the Second World War, the comunism started to grow up in the state. In 1949, the Soviet Union redacted a treaty of "mutual assistance"with the government of Hungary that granted Russia the right to have military presence in the state, making sure that they could maintain the control of Hungary.

In 1945, the new government of the "Small Owners Party" got the 57% of the votes in front of the comunist party, that got just the 17%. The comunists, supported by the Soviet Union, started to sabotage the new government by the "Salami Tactics" (fragmenting their forces by threats and alliances), and in the first of february of the year 1946, the president of Hungary, Zoltán Tildy,  resigned. After that, the Soviet Union forced the gobernment to give the Home Office to the comunist party. With the comunists in the Ministry, the new minister started to apply policies to finish with the opposition (they…

World War II Political and Economic Consequences

When the World War II started, Hungary did not want to join, but was forced to join the Third Reich before a brutal occupation from the Sovietics. the troops from Hungary were under the service of the Nazi´s Army. Most of the Hungarian Jews were deported and killed during the holocaust, and those who survived in the country, had an extreme restrictive norms on their lifes. One of the most important battles for Hungary during the World War II was the Battle of Budapest. Half a million troops from Soviet Army attacked the city in 1944, while Hitler said to hold out at all cost. 120.000 troops died, including Hungarian troops and 80% of the buildings of the city were destroyed. Germany lost the battle but, half a million of Hungarians were transported to Soviet labour camps, ending the war for Hungary but starting a horrible period.

The politics of Hungary started to take shape before the surrender of Germany. In 1944, UK and Stalin agreed that the Soviet Union will have a 75%  of influe…

Interwar Period

During the First World War, Hungary did not play a very important role in the war, however it suffered many losses during the conflict. In the interwar period, Hungary experienced a political inestability. Hungary was tied to Austria since before First World War . In 1918, with the end of the First World War, the Astro-Hungarian State was dissolved and the democratic republic of Hungary was created. This event marked the Hungarian independence of the Habsburgs. The following year, in 1919, a revolution took place, creating the communist state of the Hungarian Soviet Republic. In fact, that new communist state was in force until 1920, when the counterrevolution appeared. The communist state was dissolved by a militanty anti-communist authoritarian goverment composed of military officers.

In 1920, Hungary became a dictatorial state controlled by the traditional monarchy. In 1932, the Gombos Family came to power. They were quite conservative an also very anti-semitic. The Gombos set the …

First World War

First we have to say that the hungarian kingdom was a part of the Austro-hungarian empire, since 1867, because of the loss of Austria in the War of the Seven Weeks with Prussia. After this event, Prussia became the most powerful state in the region and Austria was forced to accept a dual monarchy with the hungarian kingdom, part of the Habsburgo´s empire (dynasty of the monarchs in Prussia) since the seventeenth century, by the Austro-hungarian commindment. It was signed in 1902 and in this treaty Hungary got its own political institutions, army and government, independent in all fields with the exception of its military, monetary, external and customs issues.

During this period, the internal policy of Hungary was characterized by the magyarization (assimilation) of its cultural minorities and the centralization of the government, which was closed to the authoritarianism. It was a rural and agrarian state dominated by a numerous and powerful nobility that had the control of most of th…

Introduction

Hungary is a state of Europe, member of the European Union, the OTAN, the OCDE, the Visegrád group and the Schengen´s agreement. Its official language is the hungarian and it borders with Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia and Austria. Its capital is Budapest, and it´s also, the largest city in the state.

The political system in hungary is a liberal parliamentary democracy where the power of the state is owned by its citizens through the main government body, the parliament.